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Obstructive sleep apnea – what is it?

Obstructive sleep apnea

Has anyone in your family ever commented on your snoring? Do you ever awaken with a sensation of shortness of breath? Perhaps you are fatigue during the day despite getting several hours of sleep each night. In the United States, up to 30% of men and 15% of women have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In addition to causing daytime lethargy, untreated or unresolved obstructive sleep apnea can lead to cardiovascular and pulmonary complications.

What exactly is OSA?

OSA is a condition characterise by the partial or complete obstruction of the airway during sleep. The obstruction prevents or substantially restricts airflow into or out of the airways, causing a person to snore, temporarily cease breathing, or awaken grasping for oxygen. Modalert 200 keeps people awake with narcolepsy, OSAHS, or SWSD. Modafinil only treats these symptoms while it is administered.

Who is more at risk?

Men growing older
Obese (BMI > 35)
Facial and neck attributes: A narrow mandible and a broad neck circumference enlarged sinuses
Medical conditions: pregnancy tracheal congestion congestive cardiac failure end stage renal disease
Smokers

What are the signs and symptoms?

Daytime snoring lethargy nighttime snoring diminished concentration Nocturia hypertension in the morning.

How is OSA identified?

When OSA is suspected, your healthcare provider will prescribe an overnight sleep study at a sleep clinic. The study will monitor your brain waves in order to determine your sleep stage, pulse rate, respiration, oxygen levels, body position, and limb movement. If results indicate obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the technologist may equip you for a positive airway pressure machine (such as a CPAP) in order to determine the most suitable parameters for your sleep.

How do you manage OSA?

Positive pressure breathing apparatuses (CPAP BIPAP) are the most prevalent form of medical treatment. Pressurised air from CPAP treatment helps the lungs absorb oxygen. Additionally, weight loss may rectify or lessen the severity of the condition. Mild sleep apnea is treat with lifestyle modifications, such as lying on the side (rather than the back) and avoiding alcohol and prescription medications that may suppress respiration. Modalert 200 is used in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (res-OSA) to relieve residual drowsiness despite continuous positive airway pressure.

If you suspect you have sleep apnea or have concerns about OSA, please contact your healthcare provider, Reid Family & Specialty Care, or the Reid Sleep Disorders Centre. We will gladly discuss the appropriate diagnostic and treatment options with you. Remember that treatment will reduce your risk for daytime fatigue-related auto accidents, diabetes, obese liver disease, and cardiovascular disease.

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